Bradford on Avon’s Woollen Cloth Industry
Bradford on Avon, Wiltshire
Bullpit, Church Street and Abbey Mills in the 1880s
The making of woollen cloth began at a domestic level, but some of the processes, especially the fulling or cleaning of wool, started to be mechanised by the adaptation of existing water-powered flour mills. New dedicated woollen mills began to be built and new machinery was introduced gradually removing the industry from homes. Weaving, on hand-operated looms, was one of the last processes to move into the factories after water and steam-powered weaving machinery were installed.