Bradford Hundred Timeline


Bradford on Avon, Wiltshire


c2000 BC: Early Bronze Age burial at Jugs Grave, Inwood

7th century BC: Early Iron Age Budbury hilfort

late 3rd century: Bradford and Atworth Roman villas built

652: King Cenwalh fought at Bradanforda be Afne

705: A monastery at Bradford mentioned by St Aldhelm

709: Death of St Aldhelm

955: King Eadred granted the Manor of Bradford to Nunnaminster (Abbey of St Mary), Winchester

957: King Edgar held a Great Witan at Bradford

983: King Æthelred II granted Westwood to his thegn Ælfnoth

987: King Æthelred II granted Westwood to Leofwine

1001: King Æthelred II gave the Manor of Bradford to Shaftesbury Abbey

1002: King Æthelred II granted Westwood to Queen Emma

1043: Queen Emma granted Westwood to the Priory of St Swithun, Winchester

1080: Domesday Survey listed property for King William I

c1125: Foundation of Monkton Farleigh Priory

1205: Charter of King John restored and confirmed the Hundred of Bradford

1216, August: King John visited Bradford

1235: St Margaret’s Leper Hospital founded in Bradford

1252: an annual fair at Holt on St Catherine’s day was licensed to Robert de Holt

1280: The Abbess of Shaftesbury claimed a fair at Bradford over the Feast of Holy Trinity

1281: King Edward I unsuccessfully claimed the Manor of Bradford

1295: Bradford sent two members to Edward I’s Parliament

1340, c: Barton Farm Great Barn and Bridge built

1348: The Black Death plague -huge loss of life

1349: Vicarage of Bradford ordained

1361: Second attack by the Black Death

1400: Pope Boniface IX appealed for donations to repair the Town Bridge

1530: Death of Thomas Horton, clothier of Iford and Bradford

1536: Dissolution of Monkton Farleigh Priory

1539: Dissolution of Shaftesbury Abbey

1540, c: Visit of John Leland to Bradford

1541: Dissolution of St Swithun’s Priory, Winchester; Westwood granted to Winchester Cathedral

1609: Outbreak of plague in Bradford

1643 July: Royalist troops under Sir Ralph Hopton crossed the river at Bradford and headed north

1646: Outbreak of plague in Bradford

1659: Flemish spinners and weavers settled in Bradford by Paul Methuen

1674: More Flemish spinners and weavers settled in Bradford by William Brewer

1688: Mineral water discovered at Holt

1698: The Grove Meeting House, Middle Rank, Bradford opened

1700: Hall’s Almshouses built, Frome Road, Bradford

1703: The Great Storm

1709: The Great Frost -three month freeze

1712: Bradford Grammar School founded

1718: Quaker Meeting House built, St Margaret’s Street, Bradford

c1725: Packhorse Bridge, Broughton Gifford built

1726: Riot by weavers against working conditions

1731: Stokeford Bridge built

1739 July: John Wesley preached to 1000 at Bearfield

1742 April: fire destroyed several houses in Bradford (corner of Silver Street & Kingston Road?)

1752: First Bradford Roads Act- roads to Monkton Combe, Steeple Ashton, Staverton, Cockhill

1752-3: Smallpox epidemic

1762: Bradford Roads Act- road from Holt to Melksham and Lacock

1769: John Renison first postmaster

1777: Bradford Roads Act- road to Kingsdown

1787, February: Riot by narrow-cloth weavers in Bradford and elsewhere

1791, May: Luddite riot in Bradford with three deaths

1792: Bradford Roads Act- road to Bathford (Bath Road A363)

1792: Violent wind damaged Holy Trinity church roof and other buildings

1794: Kennet Avon Canal construction began at Widbrook

1810: Kennet & Avon Canal completed from Reading to Bath

1818: Coppice Hill Wesleyan Chapel built in Bradford

1823: Zion Chapel, Conigre Hill, Bradford opened

1823: Wingfield Common enclosed

1826: Riot in Bradford over food prices

1828: Atworth School built

1830: Bradford British Nondenominational School opened

1831: Local Board of Health set up

1832: Bradford Poor Law Union set up, with workhouse at Avoncliff

1832: Black Dog Turnpike Trust- new Warminster Road through Limpley Stoke

1832: St Michael’s church, Atworth rebuilt (except for the tower)

1834: Gas works opened in Frome Road, Bradford

1835 July: Chartist meeting at Holt; September: at Trowle Common

1839: Bradford Improvement Act: Town Commissioners inaugurated

1836: Bradford National School opened in Church Street

1841: Last Bradford Roads Act- the road to Wingfield

1841: Tithe Apportionment Map of Bradford Parish published

1841: South Wraxall and Westwood National Schools opened

1841: Christ Church built in Bradford

1841: St Nicholas’ church, Winsley rebuilt (except the tower)

1847: Christ Church National School opened

1848: Wilts Somerset & Weymouth Railway opened; Bradford station built

1848: Stephen Moulton started manufacturing rubber in Bradford

1852: Several episodes of flooding

1853: St Mary’s National School opened in Broughton Gifford

1855: Bradford Town Hall opened

1856: Holt Road Cemetery opened

1857: Bradford-Bathampton and Holt-Devizes branch railways opened

1861: Bradford Co-operative Society formed

1862: Limpley Stoke Hydropathic Establishment opened

1863: Thatched properties in Winsley destroyed by fire

1863: Saunders’ chemist shop set up (now in the Museum)

1865-7: Cattle plague (rinderpest) epidemic

1869: St Catherine’s Women’s Almshouses rebuilt

1870: The telegraph reached Bradford

1873: Holt Reading Rooms opened

1873: Bradford Turnpike Roads abolished

1876: Westwood became a separate parish

1878: Christ Church Infant School opened in Bradford

1882 October: Flood

1883: Bradford Waterworks opened

1883: Bullpit Mill, Church Street, destroyed by fire

1884: A great storm in December- the Ham tree in Holt blown down

1884: Holt, Limpley Stoke, South Wraxall and Atworth became separate civil parishes

1889-1890: “Asiatic” or “Russian” Influenza Pandemic

1891: The Moulton Rubber Company merged with that of George Spencer of London

1891: St Katherine’s church, Holt rebuilt (except for the tower and porch)

1894 July: Bradford on Avon Urban District formed

1894 November: flood

1895 February: River Avon frozen for 3 miles above Bradford

1895: National Telephone Company exhchange

1896: Trinity School opened in Newtown, Bradford

1897: Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee- Bradford Baths, Atworth clock tower built

1897: County Technical School (later Fitzmaurice Grammar School) opened

1898: National Telephone Co. exchange

1901: First phase of Bradford Post Office built

1903: Flood in June

1903: Bradford’s Free Grammar School closed

1903: Harold Peto purchased Iford Manor estate

1903: Building of Winsley Sanatorium begun (opened 1905)

1905: Applegate’s cloth mill at Greenland closed, the last woollen factory; Sirdar rubber moved there

1905: Broughton Gifford railway halt opened

1906 July: Avoncliff railway halt opened

1907: Bradford sewage works opened

1908: Richard Christopher took over the chemist shop in Silver Street

1910: Camerton to Limpley Stoke branch railway built by the GWR

1911: Bradford Urban and Bradford & Melksham Rural District Councils formed

1914: G. & T. Spencer Ltd brewery voluntarily liquidated

1914: Sirdar Rubber Company at Greenland Mills bankrupt

1914-1918: First World War

1915: Avon Rubber Company at Greenland Mills

1917: Bradford Union Workhouse at Avoncliff closed and became a Red Cross Hospital

1918-1920: “Spanish” Influenza Pandemic

1920: Wilkins Brothers & Hudson brewery, Newtown, Bradford and its pubs sold to Ushers

1920: The Alexander Cinema opened

1922 August: War memorial dedicated

1923: Public library opened in Bradford by Wiltshire County Council

1925: Death of John Moulton

1926 January: Flood

1928: County Junior School (Fitzmaurice from 1985) opened

1932 May: flood

1933: Mains electricity reached Atworth

1934: Boundary changes, Bradford Without abolished and shared out among the parishes and UDC

1935 November: Flood

1936: Post Office, Shambles,  extended

1937 February: Flood

1939: Bradford Maternity Hospital opened at Berryfield House

1939: Stonar School moved from Sandwich, Kent to Cottles House, Atworth

1939-1945: Second World War

1943: The Courts, Holt given to the National Trust by Major T.C.E. Goff

1943: Great Chalfield Manor House and land given to the National Trust

1947: Bradford & District Hospital opened at Leigh House

1947 March: Melting snow, heavy rain caused flooding.

1947 August: Granby Hotel fire

1948: Centenary of Bradford’s rubber industry; Centenary Building, Kingston Road

1951: Sir Charles Hobhouse gave The Common to Broughton Gifford parish

1955: Broughton Gifford railway halt closed

1956: Spencer Moulton rubber company taken over by Avon

1956: new Christ Church School opened

1957 March: The Great House at Holt demolished

1957: Plans to demolishparts of Middle Rank and Tory caused a national outcry

1957-1958: “Asian” Influenza Pandemic

1958: Willson’s chemist shop, Silver Street demolished

1958: The New Bear in Silver Street closed, converted to flats

1960: Westwood Manor House given to the National Trust

1960: New Avon rubber factory built at the “Paddock”

1960 December: Flood

1962: The Moulton bicycle launched; Marcos cars set up in Greenland Mills

1962: Kennet & Avon Canal Trust formed

1962: Trinity School moved from Newtown to Ashley Road

1962: new Holt Primary School opened

1962-3: Hard winter, heavy snow

1963 November: Gale, flood

1966: Holt Junction and Limpley Stoke railway stations closed

1968 July: Heavy rain, sudden flood

1969: restoration of Priory Barn, Newtown by the Preservation Trust

1972: Kingston Mill demolished

1973: Holt Primary School extended; old school at Congregational Church closed

1974 January: Bradford Urban District and Bradford & Melksham Rural Districts succeeded by West Wiltshire District Council

1976: new Westwood with Iford School opened

1976: excavation of Roman bath house, Budbury

1976: Methodists left Wesleyan Chapel, Coppice Hill

1979: Preservation Trust restored Silver Street House

1979 December: Flood

1980: Fitzmaurice Grammar School closed; joined Trinity School and St Laurence School formed

1980: Providence Baptist Chapel, Bearfield Buildings closed

1986 May: The Christopher pharmacy closed; Museum Society formed

1987: Ancliff Square, Avoncliff, Westwood

1988: Bradford Co-op closed

1988: Rowden Lane sawmill redevelopment; Budgen’s (now Sainsbury’s) supermarket

1988-9: Ropewalk development, Newtown

1990 August: Kennet & Avon Canal restoration opened by the Queen

1990: New Library and Bradford on Avon Museum opened

1990: Dandy Lion pub (formerly Ancient Fowl) opened

1990: The Old Ride School at Frankleigh House closed

1991: Dowty engineering at Atworth closed

1992: The Sutcliffe School, Winsley closed

1993: St Katherine’s Quay, Frome Road

1994: The Old Batch development, Ashley Road

1995: Dorothy House Hospice opened in Winsley

1995: Avon Rubber Company in Bradford closed

1996: Royal Mail sorting office moved from the Shambles to Rowden Lane

1997: Greenland Mills redevelopment

1997: Abbey and Church Street Mills retirement homes conversion

1998: Wiltshire Music Centre opened

2000: Flood

2000: Millennium celebrations (a year early!), “Millie” statue set up in Bradford

2000: West Barn at Barton Farm

2002, 2003: excavations of Roman villa, St Laurence School

2003: Flood

2003: Goodall’s haberdashery shop, Silver Street, closed

2005: The Kingston Mills site sold for redevelopment

2005: Victory Fields houses, Frome Road

2006: Keates’ Garage and Colour Developments, Frome Road closed for redevelopment

2007: Masons’ Arms, last of four pubs in Newtown closed

2009: Beehive pub, Widbrook, closed

2010: Southern Co-op took over George Stone’s shop, Winsley Road

2011: Kingston Farm, Holt Road development design

2012 November: Flood

2012: death of Alex Moulton

2013 Christmas: Flood

2013: Post Office in the Shambles closed

2013: HSBC, formerly Midland Bank, closed

2013: Wiltshire Heights Care Home, Berryfield

2015: Timbrell’s Yard (formerly the Riverside) opened

2016: The Iron Duke rubber callender machine returned to Bradford

2017: Lloyds Bank closed

2017: re-ordering and other work at Holy Trinity Church

2017: Stumble Inn, Market Street, opened

2019: AB Dynamics building, Holt Road

2020-22: Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic

2023: J. Alex Brown hardware shop closed

2024 January: flood

2024 May: Kingston Place (former Vicarage) fire


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